Augustine (354-430 C.E. He reasoned that since the matter was shapeless and invisible then it would have been impossible for a sound to have actually been made. For example, in his commentary against the Manichees, he not only refuted the foundational beliefs of Manichaeism, but did so in a manner in which both scholar and layman could understand. The title of the work may suggest that Augustine sought out a strictly literal interpretation of the book over against the other three methods. 1976. The concept of a literal interpretation is rather imprecise, as people understand this idea differently. Several examples of this will be cited later. He must be interpreted in light of his contextual setting. Westminster Theological Journal 39, no. Augustine also differentiated between what he believed was a literal interpretation and what might be called a hyper-literal interpretation, which was practiced by the Manichees. Apparently, this version translated verse 5 as stating. Yet there is simply no justification for picking and choosing which portions of Scripture one reinterprets based on science and which sections he accepts by faith despite the conclusions of science. The swimming creatures of the fifth day were created in the waters, while the flying creatures flew on the face of the expanse of the second day and multiplied on the land of the third day. St. Augustine paid special attention to the book of Genesis. He also offered some thoughts on the Trinity, especially the Holy Spirit. He commanded His chosen people to circumcise every male. The embarrassing episode of Galileo and Pope Urban VIII would have been avoided had the Church not melded their interpretation of Scripture with the Ptolemaic view of the solar system.27, In the same way, old-earth creationists today often marry modern scientific conclusions with the text of Scripture. He devotes only six paragraphs to discuss the creation of man in this book. Augustine believed that everything in the universe was created simultaneously by God. Following some introductory remarks, Augustine began his unfinished commentary by expounding on four hermeneutical styles that had been practiced in his day: the way of history, the way of allegory, the way of analogy, and the way of aetiology. It also reveals his newfound belief that Genesis could be understood in a literal fashion. As such, even though he seemed to display humility in this conclusion, he was actually refusing to allow the author’s intended meaning to prevail and opted for a multiple subjective meanings instead. Those who cite it believe the quote can be used against the young-earth creationist viewpoint because they are allegedly boldly proclaiming that Scripture teaches something that contradicts many things that can be substantiated by scientific arguments and experimentation. In the book, Augustine took the view that everything in the universe was created simultaneously by God, and not in seven days like a plain account of Genesis would require. As a result of this mistranslation, Augustine spends approximately one-fourth of the book explaining why flying creatures are rightly said to have been created from the waters and why fish are called “reptiles of live souls.”18. Augustine does not claim infallibility for his own interpretation.8 Instead, nearly the opposite is true. This conclusion goes far beyond what the text actually states, especially when one considers the numerous discrepancies between the big bang theory and the Genesis creation account.28 Moreover, other cosmogonies have been proposed which are based on God stretching out the heavens.29. The Literal Meaning of Genesis, translated by John Hammond Taylor (1982), Vol. An Examination of Augustine’s Commentaries on Genesis One and Their Implications on a Modern Theological Controversy. Start by marking “On Genesis (Fathers of the Church)” as Want to Read: Error rating book. We’d love your help. Perhaps the wisest statement in this commentary is found in a discussion about the number of animals God created. These errors led him to spiritualize the creation of the sun, moon, and stars on the fourth day (Augustine 2002b, II.23). Thirdly, it has not been as well-read as the commentary included in his Confessions. Oak Harbor, Washington: Logos Research Systems. The Galileo affair is often used by old-earth creationists to discredit young-earth creationists. Smither 2008, pp. B. Ramsey. For example, Hodge wrote, “It is of course admitted that, taking this account by itself, it would be most natural to understand the word [day] in its ordinary sense; but if that sense brings the Mosaic account into conflict with facts, and another sense avoids such conflict, then it is obligatory on us to adopt that other [long periods of time]” (Hodge 1872, pp. Rather they are based on dating methods that are all based on unverifiable and naturalistic philosophical assumptions.30 The question of the age of something is not a question for the scientist, but for the historian. Once again, Augustine revealed his apologetic and pastoral interests as he introduced numerous questions that apparently were common in his day. He mused that this “star” should have been the hottest for two reasons. Unfinished literal commentary on Genesis.In On Genesis, ed. Young, D. A. 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