March 2,000 miles through heat, battling malaria-infested mosquitoes, sand, and stampeding longhorn cattle with little water, ragged clothes, and an inaccurate 30-year-old rifle. Brigham Young said, “The Mormon Battalion will be held in honorable remembrance to the latest generation; and I will prophesy that the children of those who have been in the army, in defense of their country, will grow up and bless their fathers for what they did at that time.”[2] For me, the process of making this map has been a fulfillment of Brigham Young’s prophecy. Going on to Salt Lake, Ezra and two others were scouting the trail, when all 3 were killed. At its completion, Col. Cooke declared “we have discovered and … The Battalion's 2,000 mile journey from Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, to San Diego, California, then the longest march by infantry in U.S. military history, traversed for a lengthy distance the Santa Fe Trail. The Pouch of Gold story is true and I've seen, in person, the gold ring his wife wore. July 20 is the 170th anniversary of the Battalion’s departure from Council Bluffs, Iowa. The starting point is Mt. The Mormon Battalion was the only religiously based unit in United States military history, [1] and it served from July 1846 to July 1847 during the Mexican-American War.The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 [2] [3] and 559 [4] Latter-day Saints men led by Mormon company officers, commanded by regular US army officers. For more in-depth information, we suggest using the online and mobile Interactive Maps detailed in … The Mormon Battalion was the only religious unit in United States military history in federal service, having been recruited solely from one religious body and having a religious title as the unit designation. Mormon Battalion Trail is one of the Historic Trails of America. [2] As quoted in “Marching with the Battalion” by Arianne B. So for Richard, what could have been a 3-month, 1,000-mile journey to Salt Lake took 5,000 miles and more than 3 years. Their participation has now become a staple of the “River of Time” and has grown in numbers and scope to include about 50-60 local members of the Church and community. Directions to the marker include: 35° 27.098′ N, 106° 21.231′ W. Marker is near Santo Domingo Pueblo, New Mexico, in Sandoval County. There are many monuments scattered along the entire route but we are only concerned with the ones within Cochise County. On March 20, 1847, the Mormon Battalion stopped at the Mission San Juan Capistrano en route to El Pueblo de Los Angeles to secure California for the United States. Daily news, articles, videos and podcasts sent straight to your inbox. On July 16, 1846, 500 soldiers in the U.S. Army’s segregated Mormon Battalion set out from Iowa on what would become a six-month, 2,000-mile march to the Mission San Diego de Alcala. Roughly 500 Mormon volunteers were enlisted for a year to march to Fort Leavenworth (present-day Kansas) and then to California to assist in the Mexican-American War. There are many monuments scattered along the entire route but we are only concerned with the ones within Cochise County. Together, they made the 1,000-mile journey to the Salt Lake Valley in 1850. Kevin Henson’s patrol of 11-year-old Boy Scouts, shown here in the “River of Time” reenactment. The simplified map below indicates routes used by the Mormon Battalion and its detachments during the enlistment year; 16 July 1846 to 16 July 1847. The Mormon Battalion exhibit is an informational experience detailing the journey of the early members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day-Saints who were recruited to march to battle in the war between the United States and Mexico. After a year of service, the Battalion was disbanded at Los Angeles. We, too, have the same ancestor as A Muhlestein. We will learn much, but that 1846 event stands alone in the annals of American history.”. That money, in addition to experience, arms, and supplies received, were an important part of helping the Saints in their trek to the Salt Lake Valley. Monday and Tuesday, July 20–21, 1846, the Mormon Battalion left Council Bluffs. It all started when Kevin Henson’s 11-year-old Boy Scout patrol took part in a “living history event” in Bay City, Michigan, in 2002. They went in different directions and, along the way, discovered gold, blazed new routes into California, buried victims of the Donner Party, and proved themselves useful in incalculable ways. As was stated, he and others did remain until the contract was completed. The Mexicans retreated as the US battalion approached. San Diego was a small town in the late 1840s. From that conversation, he sent me some materials to begin my research and my mapping project commenced. Cadre members will pitch a replica tent and will eat and sleep as a group, with meals and tents provided by trek leaders. I much prefer choice number two. The site commemorates the march of the Mormon Battalion in 1847 as they passed through Santa Fe en route to assist the US Army in the War with Mexico. Lt. Col. Philip St. George Cooke was the Mormon Battalion commander from Santa Fe to California. I’m convinced that this trek will succeed because of the volunteers who have caught the vision and come to love these largely forgotten pioneers as I do.”, He continued, “If we can start a tradition of ‘living history,’ perhaps we can inspire a new generation of people to perpetuate the Battalion’s story and thereby broaden and deepen our understanding of their contribution to the tapestry of North American history.”. It is my hope that my maps will also help you gain even a little more understanding and appreciation for this portion of our Church history. All soldiers, whether en route to the Salt Lake Valley via Pueblo or still in Los Angeles, were mustered out of the United States Army on 16 July 1847. But now he and other devotees of early Mormon history are preparing to undertake an even more ambitious “living history” event – a complete reenactment of the 1846-1847 march of the Mormon Battalion. The first, Samuel Boly, expired only twenty-eight miles from Council Bluffs. Jul 31, 2016 - Picturing history: Mormon Battalion route in California .. During my dealings with the county historian, I had the opportunity to discuss with him the discovery of gold at Sutter’s Mill in nearby Coloma, California. “Our trek isn’t intended to be a completely accurate reproduction of the Mormon Battalion’s 1846 trek, Henson said. “As far as I know, the entire Mormon Battalion route has never been re-hiked in a commemorative way,” Henson said. Our living history re-enactors will dress and live like original Battalion members telling their story as we move from one campsite to the next. Choose the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail and then zoom in to find the details you need for trip planning. Brigham Young, the President of the Quorum … Anyone who is interested in doing the entire trek needs to contact Henson directly, as soon as possible. Prior to the march, East-West travel across the southern territories of New Mexico, Arizona and California was not suitable for wagon traffic. On March 20, 2004, the battalion re-enactors paraded into San Juan Capistrano as part of the Swallows Day Parade. Complements author's "A ram in the thicket: the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War." Picturing history: Mormon Battalion route in California. The Mormon Battalion, was the only religiously based infantry unit ever created by Presidential order.It consisted of nearly 500 men recruited exclusively from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (commonly called the Mormons). The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 and 559 Latter-day Saint men, led by Mormon company officers commanded by regular U. We are thankful to them all - related or not - for their examples and faith. So the plan is to have hikers join the trek anywhere along the way for as long as they can. We are making the first complete re-march following the 1846-1847 Mormon Battalion’s route – from Iowa to California. Hmmmm! ACCOMPLISHMENTS/LEGACY OF THE MORMON BATTALION • Uniform allowance was donated to help finance the Mormon pioneer’s westward treks to Salt Lake valley. Within the trekkers there will be a special group of reenactors known as Cooke’s Cadre. The Jewish Gathering to Palestine, VIDEO: Accomplishing Your Righteous Goals One Small Step at a Time, Latest temple updates: 4 Pacific Area temples moving soon to Phase 3; 2 Chile temples paused, When as a Mission President, I Couldn’t Feel the Spirit. In 2002, Henson’s scouts reenacted the role of the Mormon Battalion, thereby representing the Mexican-American War. I am so grateful this mapping process helped me learn more about the Battalion in general and my ancestor, Richard Sessions, in particular. The Mormon Battalion, was the only religiously based infantry unit ever created by Presidential order.It consisted of nearly 500 men recruited exclusively from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (commonly called the Mormons). A – The Mormon Battalion route has been studied and portions have been hiked before, but this will be the first complete reenactment of the Battalion’s march to California. “Battalion Soldier” logo used with permission of the Mormon Battalion Association By Paul D Lyman and Kristin Winterton. If you can’t make it, there is another way. Brigham Young saw the request as an answer to the Saints’ needs and guaranteed those who enlisted that if they were faithful, no lives would be lost to hostile action[1]. Contact the Park. The Jewish Gathering to Palestine, Latest temple updates: 4 Pacific Area temples moving soon to Phase 3; 2 Chile temples paused, VIDEO: Accomplishing Your Righteous Goals One Small Step at a Time, When as a Mission President, I Couldn’t Feel the Spirit. At its completion, Col. Cooke declared “we have discovered and … This is the type of tent that will be used in this summer’s reenactment. At its completion, Col. Cooke declared “we have discovered and … Saved from img.deseretnews.com. Mormon Battalion-era campers. Create a map of a 2,000-mile march through heat, battling malaria-infested mosquitoes, sand, and stampeding longhorn cattle with little water, ragged clothes, and an inaccurate 30-year-old rifle. On 21 January, the Battalion reached Warner Ranch (now in the Cleveland National Forest, northeast of Escondido), Mormon Battalion route into the San Diego area where one Anglo man and three hundred Indians lived. The field of grain he planted there before going back to Winter Quarters (another 1,000 miles) was eaten by crickets. The Mormon Battalion exhibit is an informational experience detailing the journey of the early members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day-Saints who were recruited to march to battle in the war between the United States and Mexico. The Battalion's 2,000 mile journey from Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, to San Diego, California, then the longest march by infantry in U.S. military history, traversed for a lengthy distance the Santa Fe Trail. Some members were among the first few to later find gold at Sutter’s Mill. Jul 31, 2016 - Picturing history: Mormon Battalion route in California. Mormon recruits were mustered on Thursday, July 16, 1846. Historian Sherman L. Fleek provides several examples of marches that exceeded in distance the Mormon Battalion's march. Driving directions and state maps for following the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail by automobile are available. Realizing his Mexican troops were outnumbered and the Mormons had superior weapons, the commander abandoned Tucson and took his men to Mission San Xavier nine miles up stream to avoid a fight. Q – Why are you doing this? I am the stake historical affairs representative. Mormon soldiers learned many methods of irrigation from these native inhabitants and employed the methods later as pioneers in Utah and other areas Sorenson, Stephen B. Auto Tour Route Driving Directions and Maps. Q – Any other goals? Prior to the march, east-west travel across the southern territories of New Mexico, Arizona, and California was not suitable for wagon traffic. He was not a Latter-day Saint, but many credit Cooke’s leadership with the fact that the lives of Battalion members were preserved in their difficult march across the desert. The trail map showing the route of the Mormon Battalion. Henson used computer software to plan the route. Entered the Temecula Valley on January 25, 1847. THE MORMON BATTALION • Uniform allowance was donated to helpfinance the Mormon pioneer’s westward treks to Salt Lake valley. He was finally reunited with his wife and family a year and a half after he left. Including stopovers, the Battalion took 194 days to march approximately 2,000 miles to San Diego, one of the longest marches in U.S. military history. One of the Mormon Battalion's greatest accomplishments was to open a southern wagon route to California. 2. A – We want to… Draw attention to the Mormon Battalion’s legacy using a “living history” reenactment. Although the Mormons had little reason to enlist – given the treatment they had received in Missouri and Illinois – it was decided it still might be advantageous to them, both as a source of income and as a sign of continuing allegiance to the United States. Mormon Battalion Trek FAQ . A Concise History of the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War 1846-1847. n. … Already a military veteran when he enlisted in the Battalion and a Church member less than 3 years, he left behind his wife, mother, two sisters, and most of his children (two sons joined him). Mormon Battalion re-enactors marched up to the Mission San Juan Capistrano on that date — precisely 157 years after the original battalion walked up to the historic mission. The Mormon Battalion also opened a southern wagon route to California. If you would like a copy of the bookmark version, please email him at [email protected]. The idea for the map began when I got to talking to one of the historic site’s senior missionaries. This trek is reminiscent of a 1997 wagon train that traveled from Winter Quarters, Nebraska to Salt Lake City. The trail map showing the route of the Mormon Battalion. See Fleek, History May Be Searched in Vain: A Military History of the Mormon Battalion (Spokane: Arthur H. Clark Company, 2006), 324–27. Where were their families, and by what route would they find them? Mormon Battalion. Henson realizes that such a trek requires a time commitment that many cannot make. During its service, the battalion made a grueling mar… This volunteer unit of about 550 Latter-day Saint men was commanded by regular U.S. Army officers. Each day, the trekkers will travel 17 to 20 miles. While never engaging in battle, they were instrumental in building the southern road used by later pioneers to California as well as a northern route. They camped among the PotawatomiIndians near what became Omaha, Nebraska. He wanted the volunteers to go directly to Santa Fe rather than taking the longer route via Bent’s Fort in … Within that text, I found it interesting that several dates and figures from my initial draft were changed by my missionary friend in San Diego. This volunteer unit of about 550 Latter-day Saint men was commanded by regular U.S. Army officers. It’s been neat to use the bookmark to share the story of the Battalion with others. The first part of this trail hugged the river bluffs. Sixty miles of that famous route passed through the Panhandle. During these discussions I learned that among the workers that constructed Sutter’s Mill were a number of veterans of the Mormon Battalion. They completed what remains as one of the longest infantry marches in US military history. Information is found on the home page in a tab on the right titled “Travel the Trail as a Virtual VIP.”. Drive the Trail Ordering Maps. President Joseph F. Smith on Finding Peace in Perilous Times, Has Orson Hyde’s Prayer Been Fulfilled? The Mormon Battalion March, 1846–47 By Stanley B. Kimball What has been called the longest infantry march in history—approximately 1,850 miles—began 20 July 1846 on the Little Pony River in … Last updated: January 8, 2021. Ezra Heela Allen not only joined the Battalion to San Diego area, but went to Coloma to help with Sutter's Mill. Prior to the march, East-West travel across the southern territories of New Mexico, Arizona and California was not suitable for wagon traffic. Jul 31, 2014 - Explore Liz Van Roo's board "Mormon Battalion" on Pinterest. By Kent Duryee. For example, including a color terrain depiction as part of the map really helped me feel the heat and rugged terrain over which they marched. The Mormon Battalion was formed in 1846, when President James K. Polk requested the Mormons raise a battalion of 500 men to march to California as part of the Army of the West in the impending war with Mexico. The commander of the Mormon Battalion decided to go through Tucson regardless of the wishes of the Mexican soldiers. Please choose from the following two options: 1. To honor his memory, Henson decided to have a number of trekkers be more immersed in the experience, if they so choose. They are honored in San Diego history for their contributions in building up the town. The local O'odham and other Piman tribes along the march route were helpful and charitable to the American soldiers. As it turned out, they did not have to do any actual fighting, but they did endure many hardships and harrowing experiences. On July 20 the battalion commenced a 180-mile march down the left bank of the Missouri for Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Thankfully, I don’t have to pore over every journal and drive backroads with a GPS to collect the data. The Mormon Battalion, the only religiously based unit in United States military history, served from July 1846 to July 1847 during the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848. The Mormon Battalion, the only religion-based unit in United States military history, served from July 1846 – July 1847 during the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848. Driving directions and state maps for following the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail by automobile are available. Henson and his wife, Denny, who also will be making the trek, consider it an once-in-a-lifetime experience. This road opened California to colonization by the United Statas, bringing This part of the westward march was a learning period that greatly influenced Mormon history long afterward. Veterans of the battalion played significant roles in America's westward expansion in California, Utah, Arizona and other parts of the West. Mailing Address: National Trails Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail PO Box 728 Santa Fe, NM … The Mormon Battalion March, 1846-47 By Stanley B. Kimball (July 1979 Ensign) (Route maps located at bottom) What has been called the longest infantry march in history—approximately 1,850 miles—began 20 July 1846 on the Little Pony River in Council Bluffs, Iowa. Click Here To 'Like' Meridian Magazine on Facebook, How social media fuels attacks on sacred spaces, Latter-day Saint Fiction: A Step Into Another Time, Elect Ladies: Why Moms Might Not Be Elected, Come, Follow Me for Individuals and Families: Joseph Smith—Matthew 1; Matthew 25; Mark 12–13; Luke 21, Photo Essay: Come with Young Joseph into the Sacred Grove, https://www.lds.org/new-era/2009/07/marching-with-the-battalion?lang=eng, Five Secrets the Book of Mormon Reveals about the Rise and Fall of Nations. [ Map of Mormon Battalion Route] The Mormon Battalion, composed of 500 men mustered into the service of the United States in the war with Mexico was called to the colors as the Mormon pioneers were beginning their historic trek to the Rocky Mountains at the conclusion of the 2,000 mile march from Council Bluffs Iowa to San Diego California. Complete re-march following the Mormon Battalion in the Deserts of the United States Years in the process creating. 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