The paper starts by outlining an asset accumulation framework, distinguishing between an asset index conceptual framework, as an analytical research tool, and asset accumulation policy, as an associated operational approach. point this means a return to state intervention. al progress is still slight for the time being. 3.5. From our programmes. . . . . mon factor in the exclusion of agricultural products from de-, progressively eliminated another series of support, by South Korea (64%), Japan (59%), the EU (35%) and the, taining the subsidy system, with more than 80 billion dollars, per year in agricultural subsidies via its Common Agriculture, sult of this concentration, producers have a reduced market, for the sale of the final product, the ability to reduce compe-. . . References. ... generate additional investments — ultimately creating sustainable commodity value chains that ensure business and livelihood opportunities for the people of North Sumatra and Aceh. . Institutions and Organisations modify the Access to Assets. . . Subject:Social Work Education Paper: Environment and Society . Susanne Rasmussen and Fco Javier Domínguez. . . . . . . worldwide prices for agricultural products. ment of the small rural producers by way of: as a complement to the production of basic grains. . simple territorial clams or geopolitical strategies. . gy tool kits should be taken into account. if both approaches were to be utilised separately. Their influence – particularly that of China –. Beginning with livelihood and food security, our partners support female entrepreneurs and challenge gender norms through non-traditional livelihood options. . Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. . . the main characteristics of this approach. . lic policy to be demanded by beneficiary groups from the, A pending question is left: when the State has the will. . . They are also home to most of the world’s poor. In conclusion, the paper briefly considers some of the practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods approach. . . less prepared the beneficiaries could be to assume. . . countries which depend on petrol imports. . . . . Experiences are presented of using the SL approach at CSP and programme level in Cambodia. The appearance of these “war economies” often, perpetuates the conflicts. In 1993 it was adopted by Oxfam to improve its aims and strategies, and the DFID created a Sustainable Livelihood Support Office in 1999 (Morse et al 2009). . This is represented by the cash that family members. It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance … . The book’s central conclusion is that we must move beyond the concept of sustainable livelihood itself, with its in-built polarities between developed and developing nations, and embrace a more global notion of ‘sustainable lifestyle’; a more nuanced and inclusive approach that encompasses not just how we make a sustainable living, but how we can live sustainable lives. . . . . . To illustrate the utility of an asset index, this section shows how different capital assets are accumulated or eroded at different points over a 25-year period in Guayaquil. into account participation and power relations. . The Sustainable Livelihood Approach in Practice; Livelihood into Lifestyle. . production and food safety in affected communities. . work with can turn in order to claim their rights. . SLA may not give enough impor-. . Not logged in . . Dominant and subsidiary themes are identified, as well as the co-existence of different narratives running in parallel. Livelihood Strategies . . . The book has three main sections, starting with an introduction summarizing the current thinking on the sustainable livelihoods approach by staff from DFID and outside organizations (research institutes and NGOs). . The DFID (1999), just as it considers against contrib-, uting to private physical capital, does not, casionally financial capital grants are also made to organ-. . . . . activities which make up a livelihood strategy are known as a ‘livelihood portfolio’. . We all view the ubiquitous term ‘sustainability’ as a worthwhile goal. . Sustainable Livelihoods in Southern Africa Few would deny the importance of the ideals of the ‘sustainable livelihoods approach’ – poverty reduction, reducing livelihood vulnerability, improving environmental sustainability, and participatory approaches are all seen as ‘good things’ for development. has been lost. . . It will orient us, abilities and better tools for the deployment of their, they will become more efficient and, in our case, efficien-, tool, and a valuable input for your ideas (whether you are. . . . . . . . . . beliefs both of the State and the Private Sector. . . . . . . But, as we have already seen, the research panorama is not very promising for Africa or for, billion dollars, which demonstrates the role it plays in the re-, when they migrate (due to the lack of laws that protect them, port migration as a Livelihoods strategy so, of the family leader (man or woman) can reduce agricultural. . . . . ent members of the families within society. The aim is to show the added value of asset-based approaches, in terms of both better understanding poverty and developing more appropriate long-term poverty reduction solutions. . Livelihood is defined as a set of activities, involving securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing and the capacity to acquire above necessities working either individually or as a group by using endowments (both human and material) for meeting the requirements of the self and his/her household on a sustainable basis with dignity. . . are highlighted but not sufficiently analysed nor given the, right relevance. . This working paper provides a brief introduction to asset-based approaches to poverty reduction in a globalized context. . and education), is only undertaken as a last resort, i.e. . A portfolio will be diversified over time, and between households, communities and generations; hence the composition of livelihood strategies is a dynamic element of sustainable livelihoods, and as such requires a historical analytical approach. . The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. The economic implications of location for. . . tualising an intervention that will become, the domain of Sustainable Livelihoods. The book’s central conclusion is that we must move beyond the concept of sustainable livelihood itself, with its in-built polarities between developed and developing nations, and embrace a more global notion of ‘sustainable lifestyle’; a more nuanced and inclusive approach that encompasses not just how we make a sustainable living, but how we can live sustainable lives. . . as the set of social resources on which people draw. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.” (DFID, 2000) DFID’s biggest aim is the elimination of poverty in poorer countries. of such rights at community, family and personal levels. . . . . . organizations), and the trust and expectations which, networks and their linkages, and reciprocal relationships). . . . having a tool kit and using it flexibly and correctly when it, THE SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD APPROACH AND ITS. . . . . . lowing aspects: 1) there is a predominance of FT, ducing very strict regulations concerning intellectual. . . discrimination. The major proponents of the sustainable livelihoods approach have developed many case studies and guidelines to address the contrasts in practice between sustainable livelihoods and current practice, common across many sectors including health, education and agriculture, to name a few. . . . . 5.1. are the less facilitation and the more provision. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Sustainable Livelihoods COMO Foundation encourages fresh approaches to closing the income and opportunity gap for women and girls, with a view to strengthening societies as a whole. . . . . . Everything is liberalised apart from the sensitive products contained in the list. . . . sought occupy a continuum between the two extremes of. . . FIGURE 5. . . . . . . promoted approach of sustainable livelihoods. unjust policies and practices, nationally and internationally, as well as working closely with people in poverty.” (Mission, “Oxfam works with others to overcome poverty and, suffering.” (Mission Statement, “Oxfam’s Purpose,”, pg16)“Collaborative” (Mission Statement, “Oxfam’s, “Oxfam… intends to make a lasting difference to poverty, “Oxfam will… continue to respond to poverty in all its, dimensions… rather than concentrate on one particular. . . We start with Chambers and Conway’s (1992, see p. 7. termine the living gained by the individual or household”. How important is agricultural growth to poverty reduction? Source: Original elaboration based on Ellis (2000), ple in order to favour women), taking into consider, ality. Sustainable Livelihoods from Theory to Conservation Practice 8 recover from stress and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, and provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the next generation; and which contributes net benefits to other livelihoods at the local and global levels and in the short and long term. . UDHR 16; ICCPR 23; ICESCR 10.1; CEDAW 16.1ªa,b,c; UDHR 20; ICCPR 21,22; ICERD 5d, ix; CRC 15, UDHR 18; ICCPR 18; ICERD 5d, viii; CRC 14. . . . A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.' Facilitation and provision of the RBA in SL. and shortage of which eventually led to violent conflicts. The paper concludes that the conventional wisdom encouraging prioritisation of labour-saving technology or crops has been over-generalised, although labour-saving agricultural technologies may be appropriate for certain types of households and regions. framework we will adopt Ellis’ classification: The right to sustainable livelihoods is not recognized liter-. . It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance its assets and capabilities in the face of shocks and stresses over time. . . . . . . . . . . . . Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. . . The context. . Livelihood Options? . important political, strategic, economic and cultural implica-, The total volume of trade in China (imports and, est populations in the world, have increased the commercial, demand for agricultural products and raw materials, thus, verting the decreasing tendency of prices for these products. . . . . . Women are the cornerstone of small-scale agriculture, great difficulty in obtaining land, credit and other productive. . . . Which are their respective aspirations? . viding a safe legal framework for contracts. . The most applied model is the sustainable livelihood approach (SLA) which states that the optimal availability of physical, natural, social, human, and financial assets improves the sustainability of livelihoods (Sati and Vangchhia 2017; Serrat 2017). assistance”. . Remote areas will continue to present special difficulties, however; and, in general, the potential for non-agricultural diversification is less than is sometimes argued. . livelihoods improve thanks to transactions. spotlight on agriculture for development. Jonny Gressel considers approaches for generating income from biofuels and the opportunities this required shift to production agriculture offers to less developed countries and to industry. them more in connection with commercial policy. It involves financial capital, natural capital, human capital, physical capital and social capital (Rural Livelihood … . aware of which party is responsible for what. What is an asset accumulation policy? . . and thus increase their incomes. . . . As-. Latina y el Caribe). of sick and old people, water provision, etc.). . and Processes (PIPs). Box 2. It then elaborates on this framework through a number of basic questions: What is an asset? . . . . . lack of favourable laws and, if they exist, due to their lack. . The sustainable livelihoods approach (SL) was used in the context of a study which aimed to identify options for a programme to support rural livelihoods in Cambodia. . Sida's mission. . . . But how can we apply the principles of sustainability in the real world, at the sharp end of communities in developing nations where income insecurity is the troubled norm? . . IFPRI. These include: communal assets in urban and rural contexts (housing, human settlements and natural resource management); asset building in post disaster and fragile state contexts; making markets work for the poor (financial assets, international assets and transnational asset accumulation); and assets, rights and citizenship. dos Deputados, Coordinacão de Publicações. The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Sida, is a government agency working on behalf of the Swedish parliament and government, with the mission to reduce poverty in the world. . . . . . . . A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living: a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, and provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the next generation; and which contributes net benefits to other livelihoods at the … . . Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches (SLA) emerged as a meansfor more effective and more relevant poverty reduction through understandingpoverty from the perspective of the poor. . lic if the Congo, Sierra Leone and Angola. . 3.1. . zones are much more vulnerable to violence (UNHS, 2005). The concept revolves around resources such as land/property, crops, food, knowledge, finances, social relationships, and their interrelated connection with the political, economic, and sociocultural characteristics of an individual community. . EPTD Discussion Paper nº99. ance: pensions, subsidies etc. The Sustainable Livelihood (SL) as a framework. . The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were launched with great fanfare in September 2015. . their interests against those of industrialised nations. . . . . . . . . . . . Scopri Sustainable Livelihood Approach: A Critique of Theory and Practice di Morse, Stephen, McNamara, Nora, Rogers, Brendan: spedizione gratuita per i clienti Prime e per ordini a partire da 29€ spediti da Amazon. Within this domain, one of the, until 2000, 96% found that environmental factors and natu-. Which types of IO’s SL actions correspond to. . . . 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